Cognition and learning
Children and young people may require support for learning difficulties if they experience slower progress in their learning compared to their peers, even when appropriate differentiation is provided. A learning difficulty is not the same thing as a learning disability. A specific learning difficulty (SpLD) means that someone has a difference or difficulty with one or more certain parts of learning. Having a SpLD does not mean that children and young people cannot achieve and succeed in learning. However, they may struggle at school and may need to learn in different ways, through additional help.
The most common specific learning difficulties SpLD are:
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Learning difficulties encompass a broad spectrum of needs, starting with moderate learning difficulties (MLD) and severe learning difficulties (SLD), where children are likely to need assistance across all areas of the curriculum. These difficulties can be accompanied by challenges in mobility and communication. At the other end of the spectrum, there are profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD), where children are likely to face severe and intricate learning challenges alongside physical disabilities or sensory impairments.
Useful websites and contacts:
Kent County Council information on Specific Learning Disabilities
British Dyslexia Association Information about Dyslexia
British Dyslexia Association Information about Dyscalculia
The Dyslexia SPLD Trust support for children with Dyslexia
Dyslexia Help a wealth of information about Dyslexia
ADHD Foundation information on ADHD
ADHD UK information on ADHD
Dyspraxia Foundation information on Dyspraxia
KELSI Special Educational Needs and/or Disabilities (SEND) information from Kent County Council on SEN
Sense information on learning disabilities